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This Just In.. It's Spring Time and Part 107 is almost there. 1 of 2

Discussion in 'General Discussion' started by Outta Control, Apr 29, 2016.

  1. Outta Control

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    Linky Here ~~~~>Commercial Drone Operations: Wait for Part 107 or Get a 333? - sUAS News<~~~~

    Commercial Drone Operations: Wait for Part 107 or Get a 333?
    by Press • 29 April 2016

    [​IMG]

    Marcos Osorno Chief Technology Officer at Skyward

    Launching a commercial operation in a new (and highly regulated) market requires calculated choices about business goals, the regulatory environment, the competitive landscape, and timing.

    For the past four years, the FAA has required commercial drone operators in the United States to have a 333 Exemption. This has been a major regulatory hurdle for early adopters and business innovators.

    But, the FAA is expected to finalize formal rules for commercial UAVs in late spring. Titled Part 107, the new rules are expected to lower the barrier to entry for new commercial drone programs.

    So, if you are on the verge of launching a commercial drone operation today, you have a few choices:

    1. Operate without permission from the FAA
    2. Apply for a 333 Exemption from the FAA
    3. Wait for the FAA to finalize formal rules (Part 107)
    The FAA Says Part 107 Will Be Finalized by Late Spring
    Recently, FAA Administrator Michael Huerta announced that formal rules allowing commercial drone operations would be finalized in late spring. Part 107 will still require businesses to comply with operational requirements.

    The most recent Section 333 Exemptions have taken about six months to be approved. So it’s possible that, if you apply for an Exemption now, you may find that the FAA publishes Part 107 before your Exemption is approved. For many businesspeople, that would feel like a waste of time and money.

    While the FAA has historically failed to meet Congressional deadlines, Administrator Huerta’s announcement and the rule under review by the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs at the White House is a positive indication that the FAA may in fact deliver a rule this spring.


    How the Rules Under Part 107 Will Differ from 333 Exemptions
    The FAA recently began allowing commercial operators to register small drones online, which is a huge improvement, especially for small business owners.

    The last major hurdle facing commercial drone operators today is the legal requirement for an operator’s certificate.

    Traditionally, the FAA has relied on instructors to provide flight training and hands-on examinations and on testing centers for knowledge tests. As of December 2015, the FAA listed 696 test centers across the United States, with many cities having multiple test centers. The draft of Part 107 includes provisions for flight instructors and pilot examiners to be part of the verification process.

    So, while there may be some delay in tailoring the existing testing system to accommodate drones, the infrastructure is already in place.

    According to the draft of Part 107, the new rules will be generally more permissive, or in some cases the same, as existing rules.

    Topic General 333 and Blanket COA
    Based on April 2016 Blanket COA and Exemption No. 15857 retrieved from FAA.gov on April 27, 2016.
    Draft Rule

    Training At least a sport-pilot’s license and current flight review Pass an initial aeronautical knowledge test and recurrent test every 24 months
    Medical certificate FAA medical certificate Self-reported
    Crew size At least 2: Pilot + visual observers 1 person: Operator
    Flight restrictions Must not operate in:


    1. Prohibited Areas
    2. Special Flight Rule Areas
    3. DC Flight Restricted Zone
    4. Temporary/Permanent Flight Restricted Areas
    Special permission for airports in controlled airspace and certain airports in uncontrolled airspace.

    See example below

    Must not operate in:


    1. Class A airspace (18,000 feet and above)
    2. Prohibited or restricted areas
    3. Temporary/Permanent Flight Restricted Areas
    Special permission needed when in controlled airspace (Class B, C, D and airport Class E)

    See example below

    Time of day Daylight hours only Only between official sunrise and sunset
    Weight limit 55 pounds 55 pounds
    Speed limit 100 miles per hour 100 miles per hour
    Weather 3 mile visibility, 500 feet below clouds, 2000 feet horizontally away from clouds 3 mile visibility, 500 feet below clouds, 2000 feet horizontally away from clouds
    Height limit 400 feet 500 feet
    Visual line of sight Required Required
    Operation above people Not allowed if not participating or under covered structure providing protection Not allowed if not participating or under covered structure providing protection
    Buffer At least 500 feet from other property No buffer
    Aircraft registration Required Required
    Aircraft allowed Specified by FAA Any aircraft under 55 pounds
    NOTAM filing Yes No
    Incident reporting Yes Yes
    Airspace under a Section 333 Exemption
    Today, commercial drone operators are prohibited from operating in restricted airspace (in red). They must get special permission to operate within a certain distance from airports both in controlled and uncontrolled airspace (in yellow).

    [​IMG]
    Airspace under Part 107

    Under part 107, commercial drone operators will still be prohibited from operating in restricted airspace (in red) and will need special permission to operate in Class B, C, D and airport Class E airspace.

    [​IMG]
     
    #1 Outta Control, Apr 29, 2016
    Last edited: Apr 29, 2016
    slim.slamma likes this.
  2. Outta Control

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    Part Deux!

    "If your business is waiting for a 333 or for Part 107 to be published, focus on building your business
    I know it’s frustrating to be caught in regulatory limbo. But the industry is still very young. Focus on building your business so you’re able to launch and operate as a pro as soon as you’re authorized to do so.

    Build your business and your strategy. Any business is about finding clients, managing resources, and delivering results. Create a website, learn your potential customers’ business needs, and figure out how you’ll be able to meet them better than others.

    When planning your strategy, remember: Businesses operating in such a high-visibility industry should plan on being scrutinized by regulators and law enforcement. In addition, businesses in new markets, like drones, are put in the position of having to positively shape public perception. Part of this means being a responsible and safe business owner.

    Operations management software equals successful operations. A successful business is organized, runs on-time, delivers on-budget, and is reliable. An operations management platform, like Skyward’s, will enable you to know where it’s safe to fly, lower your risks, meet regulatory requirements, and manage the paperwork and business metrics inherent to every successful business. It’s the difference between keeping your business accounts in Quickbooks rather than a paper ledger.

    Learn by flying recreationally—and behaving professionally. If you aren’t authorized to fly commercially now, you can still accumulate flight hours and become an expert drone pilot as a recreational pilot. Be sure to use a validated airspace map for recreational pilots. Plan and log your flights just as you would a commercial operation.

    If you already have a 333…
    Keep flying and look for new opportunities. As new companies enter the market, stay competitive by honing your services, building your portfolio, providing solutions tailored to your customers, and adding new technologies.

    Consider specializing in a specific industry such as digital surface models for construction projects or NDVI for agriculture.

    If you provide aerial imaging for real estate, you might supplement this with ground-based 360-degree virtual reality footage to help your customer integrate even more cutting edge technologies into their business.

    If you use Skyward, you can start expanding your geographical footprint, by sending distributed teams out into the field to your growing customer base.

    Prepare for the big leagues. At Skyward, we’ve helped Fortune 100 companies integrate drone services into their businesses by connecting them with qualified operators. Major enterprises expect safety, compliance, professionalism, and a proven track record. An organized business is a sign of professionalism and reduced risk.

    Our insurance partner Transport Risk Management understands this and provide discounts to Skyward customers.

    If you already have a 333 and civil COA that allows things beyond the new rules, work with the FAA. While most of the activities allowed by the 333 exemptions that we have surveyed are also allowed in Part 107, some will still require an exemption or certificate from the FAA. A good example of this is the grant of an exemption allowing UAS flights at night to Industrial Skyworks.

    If you believe this might apply to your organization, contact the FAA Emerging Technologies Team at 9-AJV-115-UASOrganization@faa.gov. If you have a Civil COA beyond the Blanket COA, you should also contact the FAA if you have questions about the impact of Part 107.

    Going beyond Part 107
    If you want to do more than what’s in the rules, you’ll need to work with the FAA. From operating on FAA test ranges, to managing our own 333, to working on advanced projects with the FAA, and advising clients on cutting edge drone research & development, we’ve learned that safety, record keeping, and planning are essential elements of getting special approvals or certificates through the FAA."

    Y'all are welcome.

    [​IMG]
     
    turbodronepilot likes this.
  3. Dr. Ifly Drones

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    Word on the street is June. I'm in a holding pattern till then.
     
  4. wagoudeau

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    Great information.

    The original article had a table with current regulations vs draft rules. I was confused reading the above until it made more sense reading the original article:

    Topic General 333 and Blanket COA
    Based on April 2016 Blanket COA andExemption No. 15857 retrieved from FAA.gov on April 27, 2016.
    Draft Rule

    CURRENT:

    Training At least a sport-pilot’s license and current flight review

    DRAFT RULE:
    Pass an initial aeronautical knowledge test and recurrent test every 24 months


    Commercial Drone Operations: Wait for Part 107 or Get a 333? - sUAS News
     
  5. Outta Control

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    yes thus why I placed a link to the actual article.